According to the Chicago Manual of Style, 16 th Edition, indirect discourse paraphrases direct discourse and does not need quotation marks, italics, em dashes or any other such punctuation. Mary told Frank to call her tomorrow. Punctuation in direct speech. In reports and stories, a writer often wants to tell the reader what someone has said. There are two ways of doing this. TOP TIP: Never close a speech mark without using punctuation.
Remember, punctuation and grammar are essential to excellent essay writing. Use these simple rules and top tips to rid your writing of those common punctuation mark slips and get the higher marks you deserve, every time. The Importance of Punctuation Essay As a matter of fact, punctuation plays a great role in contemporary society, though we seldom think about it or come across the data proving this thesis.
Every day we read and write a number of periodicals, check mail, etc. There are two types of dialogue: direct and indirect Direct dialogue is speech using the characters exact words.
In this case, quotation marks are used. Indirect dialogue is a secondhand report of something that was said or written but NOT the exact words in their original form. When writing a narrative essay, you are telling a story. Correct punctuation presupposes the use of commas for appositions, parenthetic words and constructions, as well as nondefining relative clauses.
Commas are necessary to separate the direct speech and quotations. Commas are also used to set off numbers in groups of three digits, words for the day of the week, month and year of a date.
The verb in indirect speech is changed to the past; some modal verbs do not change. There are rules to follow when changing the verb.
Punctuation in Indirect Speech Introductory expressions Use a comma or colon after an introductory expression.